Euro 2020 Stadiums & Stats

The European Championships began in 1958 as a competition between 17 members of UEFA. The initial tournament took place over 22 months with 17 teams whittled down to a final four who then competed in a knockout for the trophy in France in 1960. The European Championships was actually a late comer compared to other continental championships but over the years has risen to perhaps the biggest national football championship outside of the World Cup.

The first European crown was won by the then Soviet Union who beat Yugoslavia 2-1 at Paris Saint Germain's Parc de Princes in 1960 in front of 18,000 people. Euro 2020 represents the 16th incarnation of the tournament that has been played in 13 different countries and won by 10 different nations. The Euro 2016 finals was again be held in France for a record third time. The 2020 finals are the first to be held with no fixed host, with matches played across the continent.

On this page you will find full guides and statistics about all Euro 2020 stadiums that are due to be used in the next pan European tournament. We'll also have full fixture listings for all qualifying and finals matches, history, format, statistics and more.

In 2024 the Euros will revert back to one country, Germany. Visit our dedicated page if you would like to see advance information about Euro 2024 stadiums.

Euro 2020 Stadiums

Stadium Location Group Highest Stage Capacity
Johan Cruyff Arena Amsterdam, Netherlands C Last 16 53,502
Stadio Olimpico Rome, Italy A Quarter-Final 70,634
San Mamés Bilbao, Spain E Last 16 53,289
Baku National Stadium Baku, Azerbaijan A Quarter-Final 69,870
Allianz Arena Munich, Germany F Quarter-Final 75,000
Wembley London, England D Final 90,000
Parken Stadium Copenhagen, Denmark B Last 16 38,065
Puskás Arena Budapest, Hungary F Last 16 67,899
Aviva Stadium Dublin, Ireland E Last 16 51,700
Hampden Park Glasgow, Scotland D Last 16 51,866
Arena Națională Bucharest, Romania C Last 16 55,634
Krestovsky Stadium Saint Petersburg, Russia B Quarter-Final 68,134

Group Stages

Group A

FixtureDate & TimeCityStadium
?v?Fri 12th JuneRomeStadio Olimpico
?v?Sat 13th JuneBakuOlympic Stadium
?v?Weds 17th JuneBakuOlympic Stadium
?v?Weds 17th JuneRomeStadio Olimpico
?v?Sun 21st JuneBakuOlympic Stadium
?v?Sun 21st JuneRomeStadio Olimpico

Group B

FixtureDate & TimeCityStadium
?v?Sat 13th JuneCopenhagenParken Stadium
?v?Sat 13th JuneSt PetersburgKrestovsky Stadium
?v?Weds 17th JuneSt PetersburgKrestovsky Stadium
?v?Thurs 18th JuneCopenhagenParken Stadium
?v?Mon 22nd JuneCopenhagenParken Stadium
?v?Mon 22nd JuneSt PetersburgKrestovsky Stadium

Group C

FixtureDate & TimeCityStadium
?v?Sun 14th JuneAmsterdamJohan Cruyff Arena
?v?Sun 14th JuneBucharestArena Națională
?v?Thurs 18th JuneAmsterdamJohan Cruyff Arena
?v?Thurs 18th JuneBucharestArena Națională
?v?Mon 22nd JuneAmsterdamJohan Cruyff Arena
?v?Mon 22nd JuneBucharestArena Națională

Group D

FixtureDate & TimeCityStadium
?v?Sun 14th JuneLondonWembley
?v?Mon 15th JuneGlasgowHamdpen Park
?v?Fri 19th JuneGlasgowHamdpen Park
?v?Fri 19th JuneLondonWembley
?v?Tues 23rd JuneGlasgowHamdpen Park
?v?Tues 23rd JuneLondonWembley

Group E

FixtureDate & TimeCityStadium
?v?Mon 15th JuneBilbaoSan Mamés
?v?Mon 15th JuneDublinAviva Stadium
?v?Fri 19th JuneDublinAviva Stadium
?v?Sat 20th JuneBilbaoSan Mamés
?v?Weds 24th JuneBilbaoSan Mamés
?v?Weds 24th JuneDublinAviva Stadium

Group F

FixtureDate & TimeCityStadium
?v?Tues 16th JuneBudapestPuskás Aréna
?v?Tues 16th JuneMunichAllianz Arena
?v?Sat 20th JuneBudapestPuskás Aréna
?v?Sat 20th JuneMunichAllianz Arena
?v?Weds 24th JuneBudapestPuskás Aréna
?v?Weds 24th JuneMunichAllianz Arena

Future Rounds

Round of 16

FixtureDate & TimeCityStadium
Winner AvSecond CSat 27th JuneLondonWembley
Second AvSecond BSat 27th JuneAmsterdamJohan Cruyff Arena
Winner BvThird ADEFSun 28th JuneBilbaoStadio Olimpico
Winner CvThird DEFSun 28th JuneBudapestPuskás Aréna
Winner FvThird ABCMon 29th JuneBucharestArena Națională
Second DvSecond EMon 29th JuneCopenhagenParken Stadium
Winner EvThird ABCDTues 30th JuneGlasgowHamdpen Park
Winner DvSeoncd FTues 30th JuneDublinAviva Stadium

Quarter Finals

FixtureDate & TimeCityStadium
?v?Fri 3rd JulySt PetersburgKrestovsky Stadium
?v?Fri 3rd JulyMunichAllianz Arena
?v?Sat 4th JulyBakuOlympic Stadium
?v?Sat 4th JulyRomeStadio Olimpico

Semi Finals

FixtureDate & TimeCityStadium
Winner QF-1vWinner QF-2Tues 7th JulyLondonWembley
Winner QF-3vWinner QF-4Weds 8th JulyLondonWembley

Euro 2020 Final - Sunday 12th July 20:00

FixtureDate & TimeCityStadium
Winner SF-1vWinner SF-2Sun 12th JulyLondonWembley

Tournament Format

Previous Qualification Formats

The initial tournament from 1958 to 1960 involved 17 teams that subsequently went through a knockout to find four teams that then competed in the finals. Back then the country that would host the finals had to be one of the 4 qualifiers, for the initial championships Paris was selected. For the 1964 tournament in Spain the number of entrants increased to 29 but the format of having a knockout followed by 4 finalists remained. In 1968 a group stage was introduced for qualification, there were 8 groups of 4 and the winner of each group would progress to a quarter final, the 4 winners of the quarters would progress to the finals. This format continued until 1980 when the competition was expanded to include 8 teams in the finals.

From 1980 onwards the country that would host the finals was decided in advance with the host country given a bye to the finals. The groups were reduced to seven in order that 7 group winners could progress alongside the host nation.

The tournament expanded to 16 teams in 1996, this was also first and only European Championships hosted in England. This was also the first year that the term 'Euro' was used. Groups were again increased to 8 with the 8 winners and 6 highest runners up qualifying for the finals and the two worst runner up competing in a playoff to make up the final place.

Since 1996 the format has changed for each subsequent championship. In 2000 the number of groups increased to 9, the winners automatically qualified along with the best second placed team. The remaining 8 teams competed in a playoff to make up the final 4 places (plus two hosts Belgium and Holland). Qualification for the 2004 tournament saw the winners of 10 qualification groups with all second place teams competing in a playoff for the remaining 5 places. In 2008 this switched back to 7 groups with the top two teams in each qualifying along with the two hosts. Then in 2012 the system switched back to a similar style to 2000 with 9 groups, 9 winners, the bet runner up and a playoff between the remaining 8.

Euro 2016 was the first tournament to be held since the decision to expand to 24 teams after 51 UEFA members voted in Michael Platini's new structure. The hosts (France) qualified automatically with the remaining 23 places made up from the winners and runners up from 9 groups, the best third placed team and with the remaining 8 third placed teams competing in a playoff for the remaining 4 places.

Euro 2020 Qualification Format

euro 2020 coin

For 2020 the system changes again. For this event there will be no specific host with matches played across multiple European cities. No nation will qualify automatically instead the qualification will be linked to conventional groups and the new UEFA Nations League.

In 2018 all 55 member nations were divided into four leagues (12 in A and B, 14 in C and 16 in league D) based on current UEFA rankings. Teams are be promoted and released from these divisions with a champion crowned every two years (odd numbered years to not conflict with the Euros or World Cup).

There will be 10 qualification groups for Euro 2020 with both winners and runners up qualifying automatically. The remaining 4 places are then allocated to the UEFA Nations League. Each league (A, B, C and D) will be given one place, the highest four teams in each division (that haven't already qualified through the groups) will then compete in a play off system for the remaining 4 places. Over-complicated, perhaps?

European Championship Finals Format

tournament struture

The European Championship Finals was initially a simple knock out system where the 4 finalists competed in a semi-final and then a final. In 1980 when the number of finalists was doubled to 8 a group stage was added. Two groups of 4 competed, the winners went on to contest the final and the runners up played for third place. In 1984 the format changed with the top two in each group competing in a semi-final and the third place playoff abolished.

In 1996 the number of groups increased to 4 to accommodate the now 16 finalists. The top two from each group progressing to a quarter final stage. This system remained in place until Euro 2016 where the addition of a further 8 teams has allowed for a round of 16 for the first time. The top two in each of now 6 groups progress directly. The remaining 4 places are made up of the four highest 3rd place finishers. The competition then progresses as a normal knockout tournament until the final.

Euro 2024 Format

getting to germany euro 2024

In 2024 the Euros will revert back to a single country, this was awarded to Germany in 2018. This means there will only be 23 places to qualify for with Germany themselves qualifying automatically a host nation.

The qualification format is yet to be fully formalised but will likely be similar to the 2020 event, with most places coming winners and runners-up from mini-qualification groups, and the rest coming from the UEFA Nations League (if it in fact survives that long!).

For more about the tournament in Germany and details about the venues that will be used see our Euro 2024 stadiums guide.

Extra Time, Penalties and Golden Goals

penalty kick silhouette

Prior to 1976 if the game was a draw after extra time the match went to a replay. This happened once in 1968, following a 1-1 draw Italy beat Yugoslavia 2-0 in the replay. The first penalty shoot out in a Euro final saw Czechoslovakia beat West Germany 5-3 following a 2-2 draw in Yugoslavia. From 1976 until 1992 this format remained unchanged until one day someone in UEFA (probably someone who knows nothing about football) decided to create the golden goal system for the 1996 European Championships in England. Germany won Euro 1996 2-1 with a golden goal in extra time, a golden goal means the match simply stops with a winner immediately declared, with the remainder of extra time is forfeited.

For the 2004 tournament the golden goal was replaced by the silver goal. This meant if there was a goal in the first half of extra time the match would still continue but only until half time of extra time. If there was a goal in the second half of extra time then the game continued to the end as normal. Greece knocked out the Czech Republic on the way to the 2004 final through this method.

In a victory for football fans everywhere after some considerable pressure from supporters, FIFA and UEFA decided to remove both golden and silver goals after the 2004 championships. From now on if you team goes to extra time they play the full half hour, if a result is still not reached the game goes to penalties.

Previous Winners

YearHostFinal ResultStadium
2020Pan Europev?TBC
2016FrancePortugalvFrance1-0 AETStade De France
2012Poland & UkraineSpainvItaly4-0Olimpiyskiy National
2008Austria & SwitzerlandSpainvGermany1-0Ernst-Happel-Stadion
2004PortugalGreecevPortugal1-0Estádio da Luz
2000Belgium & HollandFrancevItaly2-1 AETFeijenoord Stadion
1996EnglandGermanyvCzech R2-1 AETWembley
1992SwedenDenmarkvGermany2-0Ullevi
1988W. GermanyHollandvUSSR2-0Olympiastadion
1984FranceFrancevSpain2-0Parc des Princes
1980ItalyGermanyvBelgium2-1Stadio Olimpico
1976YugoslaviaCzechvGermany2-2 AET 5-3 PSStadion FK Crvena Zvezda
1972BelgiumGermanyvUSSR3-0Heysel Stadium
1968ItalyItalyvY'slavia1-1 (2-0 Replay)Stadio Olimpico
1964SpainSpainvUSSR2-1Bernabéu
1960FranceUSSRvY'slavia2-1 AETParc des Princes

KEY: AET - After Extra Time, PS - Penalty Shoot Out, R - Replay

Home Nation Results

Finals

CountryAppsGamesWinsDrawsLosesHighestGoals FGoals AHostedRank
England931101110Semi-Final403519th
Wales16402Semi-Final106016th
Scotland26213Round 145024th
N. Ireland14103Last 1623029th

Qualification

CountryAppsGamesWinsDrawsLosesQualificationsFARank
England131006624108221583rd
Wales14104412142112513330th
Scotland13110522632211611915th
N. Ireland14110402545112013832nd

European Championship Stats

European Championships key facts, trivia, records and statistics.

Tournament Stats
Most Goals 108 (2016)
Least Goals 7 (1968)
Most Individual Scorers 76 (2016)
Most Goals/Game 4.75 (1976)
Least Goals/Game 1.4 (1968)
Highest Attendance 79,115 (Bernabeu - USSR v Spain 1964)
Lowest Attendance 3869 (Nou Camo, Hungary v Denmark 1964)
Attendance Total 2,427,303 (2016)
Team / Country Stats
Most ChampionshipsGermany, Spain (3), France (2)
Finals Germany (6), USSR (4)
Runners Up Germany (3), USSR (3)
Semi-Finalists Germany (9), Russia (6)
Most Hosted France (3)
Most Appearances Germany (12)
Consecutive Winners Spain (2008 – 2012)
Most Matches Germany (49)
Most Wins Germany (26)
Most Loses Denmark & Russia (11)
Most Draws Italy (16)
Goals Scored Germany (72)
Goals Conceded Germany (48)
Highest Goal Ave Wales (1.67/game in 2016)
Lowest Goal Ave Norway (0.33/game)
Consecutive Qualifications Germany (7)
Penalty Shoot Outs Italy (5)
Player Stats
Top Scorer (Single Finals) Michel Platini (9 – 1984)
Top Scorer (All Finals) Christiano Ronaldo (9)
Top Scorer (Qualification) Robbie Keane (23)
Top Scorer (Total) Christiano Ronaldo (29)
Fastest Goal Dmitri Kirichenko (68 seconds 2004)
Most Medals Rainer Bonhof (3 – Germany)
Most Appearances (Finals) Christiano Ronaldo (21 - 1793 minutes)
Youngest Jetro Willems (18yrs 71days)
Oldest Gábor Király (40yrs 74days)

About the European Championship

The European Nations Cup

The European Championships was a late comer to the party with other continental competitions in full swing well before the Euros. It is often cited that the devastating effect of the second world war in Europe was the principle reason for a lack of appetite in the 15 years following the declaration of peace in 1945.

If anyone was ever going to propose an inclusive European tournament it had to be the French. In 1927 the French Football Federation secretary general, Henri Delaunay, proposed the initial idea for a Europe-wide football tournament. In conjunction with Hugo Meisl he submitted plans to FIFA for a tournament to run concurrently with the World Cup. Unfortunately, due to political tensions, it took until 1958, three years after Delaunay died, for the idea to come about. The trophy was subsequently named after Delaunay's in his honour.

It was in fact the French newspaper L'Equipe that re-proposed the idea in 1954 and with support form Henri Delaunay's grandson, Pierre, a drive towards a European Nations Cup was created. Pierre became secretary to the organising committee for the competition in 1955 and later that year the European Nations Cup format was agreed.

1960 – The First European Championship

line-ups for the UEFA Euro 1960 Final between the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia at Parc des Princes
Line-ups for the UEFA Euro 1960 Final between the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia at Parc des Princes: By Zotteteen1 [CC BY-SA 3.0 ], from Wikimedia Commons

The first European Nations Cup saw 17 members (around half of the total members) join in 1958. Notably England, Italy, Holland and West Germany did not compete. The first ever match to take place under the umbrella of the new tournament was a playoff match between the Republic of Ireland and Czechoslovakia who were drawn through lots, Czechoslovakia won. The first match proper took place between the Soviet Union and Hungary, the USSR winning 3-1. Over 100,000 people turned out for the game that saw Anatoli Ilyin become the first ever scorer in the completion in the Tsentralni Lenin Stadium in Moscow. The Soviet Union won the second leg 1-0 to progress.

The first competition took place over 22 months from 1958 to 1960 with the 16 teams competing in knock out matches. Following their initial victory over Hungary the Soviet Union team were refused access to Spain by the dictator General Franco, this gave them a bye directly to the finals. The remaining 4 teams left were France, Soviet Union, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia. France was selected as the initial hosts, probably due to the huge role the French had played in creating the competition in the first place.

France were eliminated by Yugoslavia 5-4 and to this day this remains the highest scoring game in the championships. Yugoslavia played the USSR in the final in Paris on July 10th 1960, despite being dominated for most of the game it was the USSR that came out victors winning 2-1 after extra time.

1960 to 1980

In 1964 from the four remaining finalists Spain were selected by the hosts. They played the 1960 winners, the Soviet Union, winning 2-1 with Hungary and Denmark competing for third place.

In 1968 he tournament was again won by the hosts, Italy, who beat Yugoslavia on a reply. The match was a 1-1 draw after 90 minutes and prior to the advent penalties it was forced to a second game that the Italians won 2-0. Belgium hosted in 1972 with West Germany coming out as victors in 3-0 win over the Soviet Union at Heysel in Brussels, pretty much the same German team that win the world cup two years later in 1974.

The last competition in which only four teams competed took place in Yugoslavia in 1976, this was also the last tournament until 2020 where the hosts were required to qualify. Czechoslovakia this time beat West Germany in the newly designed penalty shootout, the game was 2-2 after extra time with the Czech's winning 5-3 on pens.

1980-1996

euro 1980 logo italy
By Takahashi.suzutarou.1102 [CC BY-SA 4.0 ], from Wikimedia Commons

Now with 8 teams included in the finals the format switched to group stages (two groups of 4) with the winners competing in the final. For the first time the host, Italy, was pre-selected and did not have to qualify. West Germany won their second title beating Belgium in the final in the Stadio Olympico in Rome 2-1.

France were hosts in 1984 and won the tournament for a second time, Michael Platini, later UEFA president, scored 9 goals in 5 games, this included the first goal in the final as France beat Spain 2-0. The Netherlands won the 1988 competition beating hosts West Germany in the semi-finals and the USSR in the final 2-0.

1992 was the last competition with 8 teams. Yugoslavia could not compete despite qualiftying due to the ongoing war in the region. Denmark took the place of Yugoslavia in the tournament hosted by Sweden. The Danes won the competition beating the current holders, the Netherlands, in the semi-finals and the newly unified Germany in the final 2-0.

1996-2012

euro 1996 wembley twin towers
By Wembley_Twin_Towers.jpg: Nick from Bristol, UKderivative work: Hic et nunc [CC BY 2.0 ], via Wikimedia Commons

The 1996 European Championships were hosted by England with the finals expanded to 16 teams, it was also the first time the term Euro was used to describe the tournament. Now the winners and runners up from 4 groups moved to a quarter final knockout stage. This format remained in place up to an including 2012.

England were knocked out in the semi-finals by Germany on penalties in the semi-finals, the Germans went on to beat the Czech Republic in the final 2-1 winning the trophy for a third time. This was also the first occasion in which the golden goal was used to decide the winner.

Euro 2000 was the first to be hosted by two countries, Belgium and the Netherlands. The then world cup holders France went on to win beating Italy in a heated final 2-1. Euro 2004 saw one of the biggest upsets yet when Greece beat the hosts Portugal 1-0 in the final. They were 150/1 before the start of the championships.

Euro 2008 and Euro 2012 were again co-hosted by Austria and Switzerland and Poland and Ukraine respectively. The 2008 final was won by Spain who outclassed all opponents along the way beating Germany 1-0. The 2012 final was again won by Spain who beat Italy 4-0. Spain also won the World Cup in the intervening years to become the only team defend a European title and also the only team to win three international major tournaments back to back.

Euro 2016

euro 2016
naum / BigStock.com

The last incarnation of the European Championships saw the number of finalists increase to 24 with the addition of a new round of 16 at the knock-out stage. The finals were held in France for the third time although this could be the last finals to be hosted by a single nation as Euro 2020 will be held across several European cities. Tournament favourites and largely the best team France were beaten in the final 1-0 after extra time by Portugal, the Portuguese only managed one win in 90 minutes in the entire tournament.

Despite finishing third in their group with three draws, the easiest group as well, Portugal went on to win the tournament for the first time in their history. The final in 2016 was a perfect contrast to the 2004 final where it was Portugal, the tournaments best team, who were beaten by a dogged and resistant Greece side. Euro 2016 stadium guides, statistics and fixtures can be found in our Euro 2016 archive.